The food industry requires a decent sanitization system to maintain the healthy life of people. In the pandemic era, the poultry sector within any country needs to check and balance the sanitization of their respective poultry processing equipment. For this, the role of food safety quality assurance experts is vital. They should manage things to handle common bacterial problems in the poultry farms. The poultry processing equipment dealers provide equipment that is used for raising, processing, and packaging poultry. Every piece of equipment should be fully sanitized to prevent any kind of contamination can be assured.
This type of processing prepares products in a saleable condition; they add value to those products and prepare feed for livestock within the farm premises. In this process, the preparation of growing media for the greenhouse is done, burgeon manufacturing takes place, and the fertilizer of farm waste is also made. Some of the biggest problems this process faces are excessive heat during the summer season and the scorching weather, secondly the area where the equipment is kept faces vermin. Farms do not have access to clean water, which creates more difficulty for the farmers. Farmers cannot create a passage between clean and dirty areas, so hygiene is complicated to maintain. Patches of water are created, and puddles make it worse for the farms; and last but not least, maintaining proper temperatures during storage, transport, and handling is one of the biggest challenges using on-farm processing.
The farmers are required to sanitize and follow all the protocols during the processing as well to ensure that poultry processing equipment and surfaces remain bacteria-free daily. Times foamers might help during transition zones so that cross-contamination might not take place. Trucks should be frequently washed so that no bacteria can be carried forward to the farm premises.
There is a risk of contamination if the poultry is not processed on farms if the farmers use the conventional processing method. If there is any poultry equipment that is worn out, immediately replace it with proper sanitation equipment. The problem associated with this is that moving equipment in some specific areas is difficult to manage since there is no adequate infrastructure. Secondly, it isn't easy to spray each part of the farm to thoroughly sanitize it and have the facilities at the required time. It is ensuring that no contamination occurs during reassembling of equipment.
Different ways to reduce these challenges are using chemicals with low toxicity and corroding properties; wherever the sanitizer is applied, you should use a sponge, and the farmers should wear proper clean clothes, including gloves.
Due to modernization, some poultry processes have enabled a clean-in-place system that combines heat, water, and chemicals to clean the equipment without disassembling it from any part. But the problems lie within this method, and those are choosing among which chemical to fight all the bacteria and scrap. Secondly, it prevents buildup in pipes and tubing; inspecting interior surfaces is a significant challenge.
The rise in poultry farming has taken the world to a new level. Currently, the consumption of chicken has exceeded pork in Asia. Meanwhile, the consumption of eggs has also shown a sharp increase because eggs are comparatively cheap and are very easy to cook. There are no such cultures and religious barriers, which is why this industry will continue to flourish in the near future. Poultry farming must respond in the next 30 years as the world’s population is at its peak.
Using robots is practically possible as they crawl on the farm floor, clean all the chickens' dirt, sanitize, collect eggs, and check the birds. This task is very monotonous for a human as it is done manually, but robots may not find this boring. They can be quick, and there is no chance of bacteria being transferred inside the farm. Robots also discourage chickens from laying eggs on the floor and keep them moving.
This is the most accessible technology to implement since it carries a meager cost with it. These sensors can be used to measure ammonia which is a common problem in many poultry farms. It can also be used to control and regulate the temperature within the farm. Some sensors are designed to maintain the level of carbon dioxide, which might affect the breeders.
Nowadays, there is a high-tech automated processing system in which there is a procedure of chicken deboning in which the size and shape of each chicken are measured. It identifies the difference in density and structure of meat versus bone, making the most accurate cut possible. There are many other digital ways in which the challenges of poultry processing equipment could meet. In every developing country, it should be met because the world poultry production will increase by 120% by 2050.